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Roy Lichtenstein 羅伊·利希滕斯坦 (1923-1997) Pop Art American

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[email protected] Roy Lichtenstein was an American pop artist best known for his boldly-colored parodies of comic strips and advertisements. “When I have used cartoon images, I've used them ironically, to raise the question: Why would anyone want to do this with modern painting?” —Roy Lichtenstein ist Roy Lichtenstein was born in New York City on October 27, 1923, and grew up on Manhattan's Upper West Side. In the 1960s, Lichtenstein became a leading figure of the new Pop Art movement. Inspired by advertisements and comic strips, Lichtenstein's bright, graphic works parodied American popular culture and the art world itself. He died in New York City on September 29, 1997. Roy Fox Lichtenstein was born on October 27, 1923, in New York City, the son of Milton Lichtenstein, a successful real estate developer, and Beatrice Werner Lichtenstein. As a boy growing up on Manhattan's Upper West Side, Lichtenstein had a passion for both science and comic books. In his teens, he became interested in art. He took watercolor classes at Parsons School of Design in 1937, and he took classes at the Art Students League in 1940, studying with American realist painter Reginald Marsh. Following his graduation from the Franklin School for Boys in Manhattan in 1940, Lichtenstein attended The Ohio State University in Columbus, Ohio. His college studies were interrupted in 1943, when he was drafted and sent to Europe for World War II. After his wartime service, Lichtenstein returned to Ohio State in 1946 to finish his undergraduate degree and master's degree—both in fine arts. He briefly taught at Ohio State before moving to Cleveland and working as a window-display designer for a department store, an industrial designer and a commercial-art instructor. In the late 1940s, Lichtenstein exhibited his art in galleries nationwide, including in Cleveland and New York City. In the 1950s, he often took his artistic subjects from mythology and from American history and folklore, and he painted those subjects in styles that paid homage to earlier art, from the 18th century through modernism. Lichtenstein began experimenting with different subjects and methods in the early 1960s, while he was teaching at Rutgers University. His newer work was both a commentary on American popular culture and a reaction to the recent success of Abstract Expressionist painting by artists like Jackson Pollock and Willem de Kooning. Instead of painting abstract, often subject-less canvases as Pollock and others had had done, Lichtenstein took his imagery directly from comic books and advertising. Rather than emphasize his painting process and his own inner, emotional life in his art, he mimicked his borrowed sources right down to an impersonal-looking stencil process that imitated the mechanical printing used for commercial art. Lichtenstein's best-known work from this period is "Whaam!," which he painted in 1963, using a comic book panel from a 1962 issue of DC Comics' All-American Men of War as his inspiration. Other works of the 1960s featured cartoon characters like Mickey Mouse and Donald Duck and advertisements for food and household products. He created a large-scale mural of a laughing young woman (adapted from an image in a comic book) for the New York State Pavilion of the 1964 World's Fair in New York City... 羅伊·福克斯·利希滕斯坦(Roy Fox Lichtenstein 英語發音:/ˈlɪktənˌstaɪn/,1923年10月27日-1997年9月29日),美國波普藝術家。其作品常以卡通人物如米老鼠、唐老鴨、大力水手等作為畫中主角,後又模仿通俗連環畫,創作了一批以少女為主題的愛情畫和以空戰為內容的戰爭畫。 利希滕斯坦研究過蒙德里安、馬蒂斯、塞尚、莫奈,美國的德·庫寧、帕洛克、雷明頓等人的作品,以及東方的美術。他還獨創了網點畫法。[1] 以戲仿其他畫家的作品而出名。[2] 利希滕斯坦出生於曼哈頓的一個中上層階級的猶太家庭[3][4][5]。 其父彌爾頓(Milton)是地產經紀人,其母比亞特麗絲(Beatrice,娘家姓Werner)是家庭主婦[6]。利希滕斯坦在曼哈頓上西城長大,12嵗之前在公立學校讀書。之後進入獨立學院德懷特學校(Dwight School)學習,1940年畢業。他在學校中就開始展現出對藝術的興趣[7],此外也是爵士樂愛好者,常去阿波羅劇院聼音樂會[7]。在其作品中就常常出現演奏中的音樂家[7]。高中的最後一年裏利希滕斯坦參加了紐約藝術學生聯盟,接受畫家雷金納德·馬什(Reginald Marsh)的教導。
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